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Iron Deficiency in Women - A Worldwide Problem


Iron deficiency is one of the most common and widespread nutritional disorder in the world. It’s a major cause of anaemia and is more prevalent in developing countries.

Research indicates that approximately 80% of people in the world do not have enough iron in their bodies, and about 30% of the population suffers from anaemia due to prolonged deficiency,.

Now according to the World Health Organization, iron deficiency is comparatively higher in women, especially those in the childbearing stage, with the disorder affecting 1 in 7 women worldwide.

While the deficiency in women is caused by various factors such as heavy menstruation, pregnancy, and breastfeeding, poor diet is the leading cause.

Iron Deficiency and Poor Diet

According to WHO, bad diet is one of the major causes of anemia in women.

Just like with other nutrients, women who eat a diet with little or no iron are at a high risk of becoming iron deficient. There are many reasons to this;

Vegetarianism

A vegetarian diet is one that excludes meat and sometimes other animal products. This is a diet that mainly consists of fruits, vegetables, seeds, grains, pulses, and nuts.

The problem with a vegetarian diet is that it consists of non-heme iron which is poorly absorbed in the body, unlike heme iron which is well-absorbed.

Statistics indicate that there are 140% more female vegetarians than males. This means that women who are vegetarian are more likely to become iron deficient than men.

Ignoring Rich Iron Sources such as Red Meat

Most women (like everyone else) tend to avoid red meat due to the health risks associated with this type of meat. Instead, they focus on eating fish, pork, poultry, and eggs.

Red meat is considered as one of the highest sources of iron and ignoring it only increases the risk of iron deficiency.

Adding red meat in the diet is therefore important to avoid the deficiency.

Consumption of Excessive Amounts of Caffeine

Caffeine interferes with iron absorption in the body.

One study has found that excessive consumption of coffee reduces iron absorption by as much as 50% while tea reduces its uptake by as much as 60%.

The tannins in both beverages adversely affect iron availability in the body by interfering with its absorption, causing a severe deficiency.

This means that women who drink excessive amounts of coffee/tea on a daily basis increase their risk becoming deficient in iron.

Restrictive Eating

Restrictive eating, under eating, and counting calories are some of the major causes of iron deficiency in women. This is because such practice limits the amount of nutrients and iron the body needs to function properly.

This practice is particularly common in women who are looking to lose weight or maintain a certain body weight.

Cultural Beliefs

There are some cultural groups that avoid iron-rich sources due to certain beliefs. Women in such cultures are often at a higher risk of getting severe deficiency as a result.

Treating Iron Deficiency in Women

Women suffering from this disorder as a result of a bad diet should consider following a healthy diet to avoid the many adverse health effects.

Severe iron deficiency has been found to lead to anaemia, heart failure, and enlarged heart muscle. In pregnant women, the disorder can lead to premature birth or low birth weight.

Eating a diet rich in both heme and non heme iron, increasing Vitamin C intake (Vitamin C improves iron absorption), and taking iron supplements can help restore iron levels in the body, not to mention reverse its effects.

Seek medical assistance if necessary.

And remember, Mayfair Cares.

 

Recreational Drugs and their Impact in the Workplace


Recreational drugs are those that are taken for leisure purposes or enjoyment instead of for medical reasons. The problem is that they can have a significant effect on work performance and some of their unintended outcomes can be serious. Such drugs include:

· Alcohol

· Crack cocaine

· Synthetic cannabinoids

· Methamphetamine

· Phencyclidine

· Some prescription drugs

· Xanax

Some of the effects of drug use include:

Increased accident rates and injuries at work.

Alcohol is known to impair judgment. This makes you prone to safety hazards in the work place. For instance, you may easily trip and hit your head on a blunt object.

This could lead to immediate loss of consciousness and in serious cases, a blood clot.

Suppose this is not detected early, the injured person is likely to suffer migraines from time to time. This eventually affects performance at work. 

Fatal accidents and premature death.

Some drugs such as Xanax are depressants. As a result, they tend to slow down the brain’s performance.

If the user works in such a place where he or she operates machines and other similar equipment, it is easy to mishandle the machine and in extreme cases this may cause premature death.

Statistics state that 14 % of fatal accidents at the work place are as a result of consumption of depressants. 

Creating tardiness

Sleeping on the job, a condition known as tardiness.

As mentioned earlier, depressants greatly slow down the performance of the brain and there have been examples of cases whereby thieves broke into a certain place under the watch of hired security.

When the matters were looked into, the investigations came to a disheartening conclusion that the security guards had been sleeping on the job. Obviously, these men did not intentionally plan to sleep at the workplace, after all, that is not what they get paid to do.

Reports showed that there was a presence of drugs in their blood systems hence the tardiness. 

Affects concentration

Recreational drugs can interfere with concentration.

Drugs like cocaine are known to cause hallucinations. As a result, a person’s ability to perceive what is actually happening is greatly reduced. The safety dangers for someone under the influence of such drugs at work are obvious

Not as obvious is the potential for theft which may increase which may lead to conflict and insecurity in the workplace environment. Theft will come about when the drug user may opt to steal from his colleagues so as to be able to afford the regular drug usage. When employees do not feel safe their work performance will inevitably be affected. 

CONCLUSION

Recreational drug can leads to accidents accident, ruined careers, loss of jos, ruined relationships and worse.

Some companies have even introduced a new interview method whereby the applicants take a drug test before getting hired. 

If one fails the test he certainly does not get the job. To be on the safe side, avoid the use of recreational drugs.

Seek medical assistance if necessary.

And remember, Mayfair Cares.

 

Can regular breaks make you more efficient?



You are faced with an enormous to-do list that looks like you will need to start early, miss lunch and work late. But will missing breaks be the best thing for your productivity?

Not according to research recently carried out by The Australia Institute who advise that regular breaks are necessary to make sure tht a heavy workload is carried out efficiently.

Here are three reasons to give yourself more breaks at work.

Restore Focus

Our brains were not designed for the extended focus that we demand of them. Once we overstretch our ability to focus we become unable to concentrate and feel zoned out, or irritable. But there is a solution. By taking a brief mental break it will actually help us to stay on the task for longer and complete it more effectively.

Defeat fatigue

Taking breaks during the day, including a decent lunch break is an effective way to fight fatigue and helps increase productivity according to research.

Without sufficient downtime to refresh and recharge, we become less efficient, make more mistakes and are less focused on what we are doing.

Maintain health.

When you are physically and mentally stressed you produce the stress hormone cortisol.

Elevated cortisol levels over time related to a number of diseases and research has found that taking a lunch break had a positive effect on reducing blood pressure and improving sleep quality. 

Ready to take a break?

Then try the try one of the many relaxation techniques that you can find on specialist websites and set your timer for a regular break.

When the timer goes off, take a short break for five minutes. Walk away from your work station stretch your legs and have a drink, or do some simple stretches at your desk.

Increase these sessions to up to 15 minutes and feel the benefit to you, your focus and your work.

Remember Mayfair cares.

 

Top Tips For The Best Get Fit Program


The main reason people fail when starting a get fit program is they do not set daily goals and targets. Not having something to work towards results in failure to follow through with exercise plans and diet changes.

However if you are looking to improve your health and well-being by starting a get fit program, then all you need to succeed is to have some simple goals and targets. All that is required on your part is some planning.

Starting a get fit program can be made a lot easier by following these simple steps:

Good habits

Decide to make diet changes and exercise daily considerations. Experts say over and over again that diet and exercise go hand in hand. This doesn't mean that you have to go on a restricted diet for the rest of your life. It simply means that you need to watch what you eat.

Control your portions and limit your fat, sodium, cholesterol and sugar intake. In addition some form of exercise that you enjoy is ideal. Schedule this into your routine daily if possible or at least three times per week.

Exercise when it suits you. Include your workout when it works for you. If you find getting up and exercising first thing in the morning works best for you then do that. Or if you prefer to fit your exercise in at lunchtime or when you get home at night then that’s fine too.

As long as it works for you then that is what is important. Make sure however, do not substitute exercising for a meal, if you choose to workout in the morning make sure you still eat a healthy breakfast. The same applies at lunchtime and dinner. Remember you must eat a healthy diet for the best results.

Enjoy it

Exercise can be something you enjoy. Exercise does not need to be boring. You may find you enjoy going to the gym or doing a fitness DVD at home. Outdoor activities may be your thing.

Cycling, jogging, hiking, dancing and even gardening are great ways to lose weight and get fit. When starting a get fit program it is important to choose something you will really enjoy doing, so remember that fitness can be fun so try to keep things interesting.

Fill your cupboards with healthy foods and snacks. If you find you are tempted by unhealthy foods and snacks then ban them from your home. If they are not available you cannot be tempted.

Instead stock up on fresh fruits, vegetables, raw nuts, yogurt, low fat cheeses, lean meats, whole grains and rice. Watching what you eat is the best way to get the most out of your fitness program. Also eating the wrong foods will make it harder to lose weight which may actually knock you off track and lower your motivation.

Water

Drink at least 8 glasses of water per day. We need to drink water in order to maintain proper bodily functions. As our bodies are mostly made up of water we need to regularly top up water levels to keep our bodies functioning at their best.

Drinking 8 glasses of water a day helps to flush out toxins and improve metabolism. Try to stick to clean filtered water and avoid sugary sodas, juices and teas and coffee.

Common Mistakes People Make In Their Fitness Program

1/ Reducing sleep time to do exercise.

A busy life makes people have little time for activities besides work including doing exercise. Many people decide to cut down their sleep time so that they can have more time to exercise. It is not good if your sleep time is reduced to less than 6 or 7 hours per day. Shortage of sleep may cause many problems relating to your health that badly affect work, your studies and others. 

2/ Overdoing it the first time

This is one of the biggest and most common mistakes in doing exercise. When starting out, many of us are usually eager and have the tendency of doing too much of it. This can cause some injuries for your muscles or bones. Specialists advise that you should increase the intensity gradually each day so that your body can get used to it. When doing exercise, the duration and the regularity are more important than the intensity.

3/ Exercising when you are hungry

To save time, many people go to the gym right after work. After a long working day, you will be very hungry in the afternoon. Doing this will make you feel exhausted and the exercise is not as effective. As a result, you will not gain good results. However, you should not do the exercise right after having a meal or you may get a stomach ache as well.

4/Wearing clothes that are too tight.

In order not to feel comfortable during exercise, do not wear tight clothes. Wearing those clothes in doing exercise is not good for your health. It may tighten your blood vessels and prevent blood from circulating. Further more, tight clothes also make it difficult for you to do some movements like raising your legs, spreading your legs wide apart, etc.

When starting a get fit program the above tips can be helpful to you. Try to remember your goals and what you have set out to achieve for the day. This will make exercise and getting fit a whole lot easier.

Remember, Mayfair cares.

 

Air pollution and how you can help


A greener world

If you’re one of those who really wish they could do something to make the world a greener place, then investing in a hybrid or all-electric car should be on your bucket list.

About a decade ago, the world was introduced to the possibilities of driving cars that do not run on fuel, either entirely or in part.

By April 2016, over 4 million hybrid electric vehicle units were sold in the United States, making it the second largest fleet in the world, after Japan’s over 5 million units.

This is a clear indicator that nobody wants to keep paying for fuel when it is expensive, so getting a vehicle that is cost efficient and environmentally friendly, is a definite plus.

The options

A hybrid car gives you the best of two technologies as it combines the standard engine powered by diesel or petrol, and an electric motor, which derives its power from a rechargeable battery pack thus when low on diesel or petrol, you’re still assured of extra miles as the car will run on battery.

An all-electric car is different as it fully utilizes electricity from a charged battery.

Different brands created both hybrid cars like the Prius, and all-electric cars like Tesla models, which are popular among top world celebrities.

In the UK, former Spice girl Geri Horner was spotted driving an all-electric, zero-emission car while on a shopping trip with her daughter. The cute two-seater, Renault Twizy quadricycle fits snug in any parking lot, and is definitely a massive cost saver.

10 top facts

In order to help you care for the planet and still look cool while driving, here are ten sure facts that will excite you into getting yourself a hybrid or all-electric car.

1. All-electric cars are much cheaper to run than diesel or petrol powered vehicles

2. Hybrid cars give the driver a sense of calm when diesel or petrol runs out and they are miles away from the nearest diesel or petrol filling station

3. Electric cars have only one moving part which makes them incredibly low maintenance than diesel or petrol powered engine cars

4. The UK government gives a grant of up to 35% on the cost of the car, with a maximum of about £2,500 to £4,500 depending on the model of the car and certain stipulated conditions

5. Due to faster technology today, all-electric cars are now quicker and quiet compared to their diesel or petrol powered counterparts

6. UK residents are increasingly taking up both hybrid and all-electric cars making it trendy and fashionable to own and drive one

7. The environment is happy, because these vehicles have zero carbon emissions, so you can sleep better knowing you contributed to a cleaner planet

8. In America the perks of driving a hybrid are visible in some states, which treat you as a VIP when you drive a hybrid car, by giving a special lane, while enjoying tax deductions and credits

9. Since you get to drive on your special lane, you get to save time and costs as well

10. Maintenance is low as you don’t have to keep checking on the engine, especially with the all-electric car

If you want your own piece of green heaven in style, innovation, design and performance, hybrid and all-electric cars are your best bet.

Remember, Mayfair Cares.

Dealing with Digital Fatigue


As technology advances, people of all ages spend more and more time glued to their digital screens.

Some can spend up to 9 hours of their day working and / or playing on their screens. This eventually causes their eyes to become exhausted from such long hours of exposure and may cause a condition known as digital fatigue.

What is digital fatigue?

This is an eye and vision related problem that is caused by the extensive use of common digital devices such as computers, TVs, e-readers, and tablets. This eventually leads to fatigue or blurred vision, dryness, eye irritation and more.

Effects of digital fatigue

The eyes contain the strongest muscles in the body. However, if you subject them to too much work by sitting in front of a TV or computer, they can become strained and tired. Lifestyle changes, coupled with modern ways of working, forces people to spend extended hours in close range activities engaged with a screen.

Some knock on effects include:

  • Reduction in productivity

Digital fatigue may cause your body to suffer eyestrain, neck, shoulder and back pain. You will not be able to work to the best of your ability with an aching body.

  • Inability to concentrate

Spending too much time looking at your digital devices may cause eye fatigue and headaches. These conditions may result in the reduction of concentration. 

  • Poor visual health

Most digital devices emit harmful blue-violet light that damages eyesight in the end. You may start experiencing eye fatigue, blurry vision, and dry eyes. 

  • Migraines

Digital fatigue may cause you headaches. These headaches can be accompanied by associated symptoms such as nausea and sensitivity to light. You may also experience flashing dots, wavy lines, and temporary blindness due to this migraine. 

What can be done about digital fatigue?

1. Eyewear

There are different types of eyewear with lenses that help reduce digital fatigue. These lenses can be incorporated into any pair of glasses. Those already wearing glasses should also consider getting a current prescription that includes the unique visual demands when using a digital screen.

2. Annual eye exam

Getting regular eye care will help prevent or reduce the development of digital fatigue.

3. Take breaks from using digital devices

Ensure that you do not get too close to a screen or spend too many hours behind one. Rest your eyes after every 2 hours of continuous digital screen use, for at least 15 minutes. 

4. Have a digital holiday

Try to set aside blocks of time like the weekend when you can get away from your screens completely. If going on holiday, leave the screens at home and use your phone as a phone and not a communications centre

Summary

The extent to which you will experience digital fatigue will depend on how much time you spend looking into your digital screen. Ensure that you visit your health professional as soon as you start experiencing the symptoms outlined above. Otherwise, if you do not use them, they might worsen with extended digital screen use.

And remember, Mayfair Cares.

https://www.thevisioncouncil.org/content/digital-eye-strain/teens

http://thinkaboutyoureyes.com/articles/eye-problems-diseases/digital-fatigue

https://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/caring-for-your-vision/protecting-your-vision/computer-vision-syndrome?sso=y

Nutritional Supplements – a word of caution


Nutritional Supplements have become a global multi-billion pound industry.

Many people know that good nutrition and well- balanced diets are important for the overall good health, but believe that they need supplements in order to achieve the best results.

The truth is, healthy foods can supply the key ingredients nutrients needed in your body, in a way that cannot be duplicated by any one supplement or a combination of supplements.

According to the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, people should meet their nutritional needs primarily from nutrient-dense foods, which contain essential vitamins, minerals, fibre, and other naturally occurring substances. 

So Should You Take Nutritional Supplements? Do they do any good? 

While a well-balanced diet is the cornerstone of good health, Research finds our plates lacking some of the essential nutrients, including magnesium, calcium, potassium, and vitamins A, C, and D. Also, some people cannot reach the recommended nutrient amounts without using supplements.

Such people may need nutritional supplements depending on their health needs. For example, pregnant women, the elderly and people who are food insecure, facing a risk of nutrient deficiencies.

Not everyone needs them

Always keep in mind that not everyone needs to take supplements. Many of the supplements out there have very active ingredients that may have side effects in the body, especially if taken with other medicines or before surgery. Additionally, they can easily cause problems if you have an existing health condition. 

Since the manufacturers and distributors are the ones responsible for making sure the dietary supplements are safe before they are ready for use, it’s always best to know what you’re taking.

These 4 simple guidelines will help:

·        Read and follow all the instructions carefully. Exceeding your dose than what is recommended can cause harsh side effects.

·        While some dietary supplements are well understood and established, they do not go through a thorough testing procedure as prescription drugs, so you should research and understand the risks and advantages of any supplement you intend to take. 

·        If you are about to undergo any type of surgery, make sure you disclose all the information about your dietary supplements to the doctor. 

Always seek professional advice from your professional health care provider, nutritionist or dietician before making decisions about whether to take a supplement.

They can help determine if taking the supplement would benefit you. In fact, they can easily help you achieve the right balance between nutrients and foods you need.

In summary

Some nutritional supplements can help you get enough vital substances the body needs to function. However, they should be viewed as primarily bridging small nutrient gaps, and not as taking the place of real foods. And before considering the supplements, ensure to consider your individual situation and consult a doctor.

And Remember, Mayfair Cares.

Statistical Sources 

https://ods.od.nih.gov/HealthInformation/DS_WhatYouNeedToKnow.aspx

http://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/dietary-supplements-do-they-help-or-hurt

https://sciencebasedmedicine.org/who-takes-dietary-supplements-and-why/

http://www.eatright.org/resource/food/vitamins-and-supplements/dietary-supplements/vi

 

How to Use Mnemonics and Improve Your Memory

What are mnemonics?

Well, first of all they are not a spelling mistake! Mnemonics are simply techniques, tools or devices that we can use to remember things which would otherwise be difficult to remember.

It could a short song, a phrase, or something that can encode the difficult-to-remember information in a way that it is easily remembered.

According to Dr. Mercola of America, mnemonics are one of the most effective techniques to improve your memory. They assist by imposing meaning, structure, and organisation on material that your memory does not inherently have.

Interestingly, the mnemonics can be used by anyone at any age. 

So how can you use mnemonics to improve your memory? Here are some tips:

Create your own acronyms

An acronym is a made up combination of letters, and each letter suggests an item you need to remember.

To form an acronym, you’ll need to use the first letter from a group of words. For example, WHO stands for World Health Organisation, and ASAP for as soon as possible. 

Now let’s assume you want to memorize the colours of the rainbow; Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet. Just take the first letter of each item and arrange the letters to form an acronym that you’re familiar with such as: ROY G. BIV. 

Chunking 

George Miller, a professional Harvard psychologist, introduced the chunking concept in his published study on short-term memory.

According to Miller, a person can remember between 5 and 9 things at one time. Well, it can be difficult remembering all those numbers, things, or items. So this technique works by taking several items you have to learn, and then decrease the number of items you’re holding in memory by reducing the size of each item.

For example, if you want to remember the 8 digit number 29684107 easily, you’ll break it up into smaller groups such as 29-68-41-07.  You are now remembering 4 numbers which is easier than 8.

Use rhymes, rhythm, repetition

This is, without a doubt, a great technique to make information more memorable.

The rhythm, rhymes, repetition, as well as melody aid your memory simply by making good use of the auditory encoding and your brain’s notable ability to hoard the audio triggers. With little creativity and fun, they can be applied to general information, single words, formulas, and even the most complex models.

Use of visualisations and association techniques 

Visualisation and association are amongst the best memory tricks. Visualisation can help you convert the abstract information into easy-to-recall mental pictures.

Creating the pictures is a powerful way to focus your mind, a process that helps create original awareness of the material. The images often stick to your memory better than smelling, hearing, or touching something. 

It’s very simple to create visualisation; just close your eyes and imagine what you want to visualise. With this trick, you can recall definitions, lists, math formulas, articles, foreign vocabulary and character dialogue amongst many others.

So please remember – your memory isn’t necessarily failing you, but you might be failing your memory if you don’t practice new learning methods.

Remember, Mayfair Cares

References

http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2003/01/04/memory.aspx

https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat/social-sciences-practice/social-science-practice-tut/e/miller-s-law--chunking--and-the-capacity-of-working-memory

 

 

A Simple Guide to Buying Complicated Travel Insurance


Travel insurance is one of those things that many people pay little attention to but is critical when traveling abroad for extended periods. Travel cover essential in many circumstances which many include when you have to cancel your trip, receiving emergency medical treatment or problems with your airline while travelling.

A wide variety of things can go wrong on a trip abroad. There are many travel insurance brands and each with distinct policies. Below is a brief guide about what you should consider when shopping for travel insurance.

Where are you going?

The cost and travel insurance and level of cover will vary considerably depending on the region(s) in which you are traveling. For this reason, insurance companies may consider some areas to be greater concern than others. You have to familiarise yourself with your travel destinations. 

Always ensure that you are informed of the risks against which against which you want your cover to protect you. Not all policies cover for epidemics, pandemics or civil commotions. If you are traveling to multiple countries, you need to get a policy that guards you for every country you will be visiting.

How long are you going to be away?

Most people are best served by a one-off policy for a set number of days. However, if you happen to be a regular traveller, a good value solution is an annual multi-trip policy or credit card travel insurance. These types of cover often restrict the length of travel allowed. 

Depending on the insurance brand, this can range from 30 to 90 days. A long-term standalone insurance policy is necessary if you are traveling for a period of more than 3 months.

The purpose of the visits

It is very important to note that some activities will not be included in a travel insurance policy. As such, you should go through the list of activities that the insurance provider covers.

This way, you can determine which activities you will have to pay extra for. It is advisable to keep alcohol and drug consumption to a minimum since an adverse event under intoxicated circumstance may not be covered by your policy.

Valuables

You first have to decide whether you need cover for valuable items such as the laptop or other electronics. The extent of cover for valuable items can vary considerably and in some cases, valuable item cover will only be provided in the form of a higher premium. 

Different travel insurance providers have different policies on an exclusion of cover for valuable items. For this reason, it is vital that you do your research on the policies of the selected travel insurance brands. Remember that the devil is always in the details!

One more important aspect to consider is any medical conditions that pre-exist the purchase date of your travel insurance policy. Some providers may not provide cover in this instance. Contact the insurance to determine if they have automatic cover or require an assessment to provide cover.

Remember, Mayfair Cares.

 

Individual Precaution Against Terrorist Threats


Terrorist attacks such as the one carried out in the UK are a real and serious danger to public safety. On Monday 22nd May 2017, twenty-two people lost their lives in a suicide blast at the Manchester Arena following the Arian Grande concert. Prime Minister Theresa May raised the threat level in the UK to the highest rating. As law enforcements authorities continue their investigation into Monday’s events, there are mixed sentiments in the general public.

It isn’t just Manchester though; this comes in the wake of other European targets such as Paris, Stockholm, London and Berlin in recent weeks as well as Egypt and holiday resorts in Tunisia and Turkey. The threat is Global.

So what do we do? Do we have dramatic lifestyle changes or try and carry on our lives as normal? There is no simple answer but we examine some precautions that everyone can take.

The terror threat to the individual is very real and given how terrorists identify and select targets, it is justifiable to be wary of crowded places. However, the fight against terrorism has to be an inclusive operation where a due emphasis is placed on individual awareness. Here are several terrorist threat precautions and personal protection measures that you should implement.

1. Understand Target Selections 

Start by considering how a person might actually become a victim of a terrorist attack. Terrorists seem to consider location and opportunity when planning out attacks. Locations where a large number of people gather are high on the list. These include public transportation centres, shopping centres, nightclubs and concert amenities. 

You should maintain heightened awareness in these locations. Report any observed suspicious behaviour or activity to the security authorities then leave immediately. Terrorist also seem to look for soft targets’. Soft targets are people or facilities that are perceived to pose a good chance of a successful attack or low risk of security force interference.

2. Stay Informed

Make it a habit of tuning in to local radio and television news stations regularly. Learn more about your community’s public warning system such as sirens or telephone call-down systems. Evacuation and sheltering policies may change depending on the terror alert levels. 

Talk about the fears of terrorism with the members of your community and focus on the importance of sharing information about suspicious activity. It helps to have a proactive mind-set about the security environment where you live, work and travel.

3. Situational Awareness

Situational can greatly reduce casualties during an attack or even prevent the attack. Take note of your surroundings as you go about your daily business. When attending large events, pay particular attention to everything happening around you at all times in order to identify unusual activity. Learn how to spot suspicious packages and luggage abandoned in crowded places.

4. Take What You Hear Seriously

If you happen to know or hear of an individual who has talked about or mentioned plans to harm citizens even in passing, please take note. Be vigilant of anyone who hints at membership to a terrorist organisation, local or otherwise. Take it seriously and report it to police immediately.

5. Avoid Stereotyping

Stereotyping is common following terror attacks. When searching for suspicious activities, always avoid stereotyping individuals based on appearance, race, religion, gender and other classifications. Many people allow personal bias and prejudice to influence how they perceive other citizens. This is simply wrong, does not increase safety and can lead to mistakes being made.

6. Exercise Caution

In case you encounter suspicious activity, always be careful not to draw attention to yourself. You should avoid taking action on your own or placing yourself in harm. In an emergency situation, alert the security authorities immediately.

One great tip is recording any information gathered as soon as possible. Jot down the information on a piece of paper or on your mobile phone. It is nearly impossible to avoid large events or crowded places entirely. As such, the best course of action would be practice individual awareness.

And remember, Mayfair Cares.